At the end of WWII, Italy defeated militarily, pays the winners: all Istria passes to Yugoslavia, including the coastal towns of Kvarner and the Dalmatian town of Zadar, where the Italians had always represented the majority of the population. With the redefinition of the borders, which was followed by serious anti-Italian intimidating incidents by the Yugoslav side, a large part of the Italian population of the peninsula decided to abandon their home. It's an exodus that will upset the local demographic picture like never before. Out of 32,000 inhabitants, only 29,000 will leave Pula. Some Italians decide to stay anyway.
Pilgrim, Il Ramo d’Oro Editore