At the end of WWII, Italy was militarily defeated. It had to reward the winners by giving all of Istria to Yugoslavia, including the Kvarner gulf and the Dalmatian town of Zadar, where the Italians had always been the majority of the population. With the borders newly defined, a large part of the Italian population living in the peninsula were forced to abandon their homes. Such an exodus affected the local demographic picture like never before. Some Italians decided to stay anyway.
Pilgrim, Il Ramo d’Oro Editore